US - Investor confidence has risen by three points to 68.8, a rise that has been put down to improvement in risk appetite for selected sectors by North American investors.
Ken Froot, professor, Harvard University, said: "After last month's steep decline, the fourth in a row, this month risk appetite rebounded somewhat among institutional investors.
"Interestingly, this increase occurred against a backdrop of declining market prices, including a decline in US equity markets of 7.75%. The numbers indicate that, at these price levels, institutional investors are prepared to provide liquidity to other market participants such as retail investors and the leveraged community."
Paul O'Connell, director, State Street Associates, added: "The confidence of institutional investors in both North America and Europe stabilised through the month, in a pattern echoed by US consumer confidence.
"While institutions continue to be tentative about deploying risk, our underlying data shows that sectors such as healthcare, utilities, and consumer staples are benefiting from the improvement in risk appetite, albeit from very low levels."
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