Sovereign wealth funds, private companies and new money from emerging market economies may be pushing pensions out of the frame for lucrative infrastructure investments.
Richard Guay, CIO, La Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, told Global Pensions: "Infrastructure was interesting for us as a long term investment, but we have missed most deals in the past 18 months through someone bidding higher.
"We no longer have the monopoly as some Asian central banks and countries with revenues from oil have taken the competitive advantage."
With the ongoing liquidity crisis and investment banks less willing to lend and help make these deals possible, pension funds have found themselves no longer able to call the shots.
Investors without the liabilities faced by a pension fund, and who therefore have less constraints on their asset allocation, have realised there is money to be made in this area.
On Monday, a consortium lead by Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (OTPP) and the Canadian Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) were thwarted in an attempt to take a 75 year lease of a turnpike in the US.
The Pennsylvania Turnpike contract was won by a consortium lead by a private Spanish company. At US$12.1bn, the pension funds' proposal had made the final three, having been within the required 10% of the highest bid. The winning group finally bid $12.8bn.
Bob Bertram, executive vice president, investments, OTPP, commented on the deal: "It would have made an excellent investment for a pension fund, but initially the expected real returns were higher than they are now [by matching the winning bid], so the level of competition has already bid the real return down quite dramatically."
Peter Muldowney, worldwide partner at Mercer in Toronto, explained: "Pension plans have very precise expectations of returns whereas other investors do not have such constraints.
"For some time large pension plans had the advantage over smaller funds, but now they are feeling the pressure of competition," he added.
This week's top stories included Cardano announcing plans to acquire Now Pensions from a Dutch pension fund later this year.
Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) faces a £102m impact on liabilities as a result of equalising guaranteed minimum pensions (GMPs), according to its annual results.
Malcolm Mclean says getting the channels of communication right and engaging more openly is a good starting point