NETHERLANDS - The five-year recovery plans of Dutch pension schemes are estimated to shrink the country's future gross domestic product (GDP) by 0.75%, a report by De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) said.
Pension funds in the Netherlands were required to submit recovery plans to the DNB detailing how they planned to reach the 105% minimum funding requirement through 2013.
Many schemes said they would increase premiums and remove or reduce cost of living adjustments, which could have a negative effect on consumers' purchasing power, the DNB said.
Meanwhile, employers have been pressured to make additional contributions into the schemes. "Such supplementary deposits may depress investment in fixed assets. The extent to which this inhibiting effect will occur, depends on the intended investment plans and the resources available to fund them," the bank said.
The DNB added: "It is still unclear whether the largest impact on GDP volume will occur at the beginning or at the end of the recovery period or whether the lower GDP volume will come about more or less gradually."
Over 340 schemes were forced to submit recovery plans as the global financial crisis slashed assets and funding levels.
Enhanced powers for The Pensions Regulator (TPR) to prosecute and fine company directors who "wilfully or recklessly" put their defined benefit (DB) pension scheme at risk will be hard to enforce, commentators say.
Melrose has pledged to contribute up to £1bn to GKN's pension schemes as part of a final offer to acquire the engineering business.
Existing master trusts will be forced to pay £41,000 when applying for authorisation under the upcoming regime, the government has confirmed.
UPDATE 2 - DWP publishes DB white paper: Stronger powers for TPR, DB chair statements to be introduced
The Pensions Regulator (TPR) will be given the power to fine company bosses who deliberately puts their defined benefit (DB) schemes at risk, the government has confirmed.